18 фото НАСА, которые показывают, насколько захватывающей является Вселенная


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Трудно понять, насколько велика наша галактика. И мы всего лишь песчинка во Вселенной, которая, по мнению многих, бесконечна.

Лучший способ понять, насколько великолепно выглядит это пространство — увидеть его своими глазами и мы можем это сделать благодаря НАСА.

1. Космический телескоп Хаббл снял смерть далекой звезды.
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Colorful "last hurrah" of a star: The Hubble Space Telescope shows off the colorful "last hurrah" of a star like our sun. The star is ending its life by casting off its outer layers of gas, which formed a cocoon around the star's remaining core. Ultraviolet light from the dying star makes the material glow. The burned-out star, called a white dwarf, is the white dot in the center. Our sun will eventually burn out and shroud itself with stellar debris, but not for another 5 billion years. The material expelled by the star glows with different colors depending on its composition, its density and how close it is to the hot central star. Blue samples helium; blue-green oxygen, and red nitrogen and hydrogen. Credit: NASA, ESA, and K. Noll (STScI), Acknowledgment: The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) #nasa #space #star #hubble

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Звезда заканчивает свою существование, сбрасывая внешние слои газа, которые ультрафиолетовый свет звезды превращает в световое шоу.

2. Телескоп Хаббл снял рождение новой звезды в нашей галактике Млечный Путь.

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Hubble sees a force awakening in a newborn star…What looks like a double-sided lightsaber is actually a cosmic object known as HH 24. This celestial lightsaber does not lie in a galaxy far, far away, but rather inside our home galaxy, the Milky Way. It's inside a turbulent birthing ground for new stars known as the Orion B molecular cloud complex, located 1,350 light-years away. Just to the right of the cloaked star, a couple of bright points are young stars peeking through and showing off their own faint lightsabers — including one that has bored a tunnel through the cloud towards the upper-right side of the picture. Credit: NASA/ESA #nasa #space #hubble #science #astronomy #telescope #starwars #starwarssday #maythefourthbewithyou #maythe4thbewithyou #lightsaber

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3. Шестиугольный полярный вихрь Сатурна сияет отраженным солнечным светом.


4. Яркие сияния в атмосфере Юпитера.

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Vivid glowing auroras in Jupiter's atmosphere! Astronomers are using the Hubble Space Telescope to study auroras - stunning light shows in a planet's atmosphere - on the poles of the largest planet in the solar system, Jupiter. This observation program is supported by measurements made by our Juno spacecraft, which arrives at Jupiter on Monday. While Hubble is observing and measuring the auroras on Jupiter, Juno is measuring the properties of the solar wind itself; a perfect collaboration between a telescope and a space probe. Auroras are created when high-energy particles enter a planet's atmosphere near its magnetic poles and collide with atoms of gas. As well as producing beautiful images, this program aims to determine how various components of Jupiter's auroras respond to different conditions in the solar wind, a stream of charged particles ejected from the sun. Credits: NASA, ESA, and J. Nichols (University of Leicester) #nasa #space #jupiter #juno #planet #planets #solarsystem #astronomy #hubble #hst #nasabeyond #solarsystem #science

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5. Астрономы нашли, вероятно, один из самых экстремальных пульсаров или вращающихся нейтронных звезд.


6. Астронавт на борту Международной космической станции сфотографировал огненный южноатлантический закат.

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Fiery South Atlantic Sunset! An astronaut aboard the International Space Station photographed a sunset that looks like a vast sheet of flame. With Earth's surface already in darkness, the setting sun, the cloud masses, and the sideways viewing angle make a powerful image of the kind that astronauts use to commemorate their flights. Thin layers of lighter and darker blues reveal the many layers of the atmosphere. The lowest layer-the orange-brown line with clouds and dust and smoke-is known to scientists as the troposphere, the layer of weather as we experience it. It is the smoke and particles of dust in the atmosphere that give the strong red color to sunsets. Astronauts see the atmosphere like this roughly every 90 minutes, as they view sixteen sunrises and sixteen sunsets every day. Astronauts often comment on how thin and fragile Earth's atmosphere seems. Image Credit: NASA #nasa #space #iss #spacestation #earth #astronauts #sunset #science

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7. Скопление молодых звезд — возрастом от 1 до 2 миллионов лет — ярко светит на расстоянии 20 тысяч световых лет от Земли.


8. Вид Суперлуны из космоса.


9. Солнце выбрасывает заряженные частицы в невероятном световом шоу.


10. Ледяная поверхность Энцелада — спутника Сатурна.

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Heat Below the Icy Surface of Enceladus: A new study in the journal Nature Astronomy reports that the south polar region of Saturn's icy moon Enceladus is warmer than expected just a few feet below its icy surface. This suggests that Enceladus' ocean of liquid water might be only a couple of miles beneath this region -- closer to the surface than previously thought. The excess heat is especially pronounced over three fractures that are not unlike the "tiger stripes" -- prominent, actively venting fractures that slice across the pole -- except that they don't appear to be active at the moment. Seemingly dormant fractures lying above the moon's warm, underground sea point to the dynamic character of Enceladus' geology, suggesting the moon might have experienced several episodes of activity, in different places on its surface. "What is the warm underground ocean really like and could life have evolved there? These questions remain to be answered by future missions to this ocean world," said Cassini Project Scientist Linda Spilker at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute #nasa #space #cassini #saturn #moon #planets #nasabeyond #solarsystem #enceladus #science

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11. Астронавт на борту Международной космической станции снял облачное утро над Атлантическим океаном.


12. Астрономы сняли одну из самых ярких взрывающихся звезд за более чем 400 лет.

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Three decades ago, astronomers spotted one of the brightest exploding stars in more than 400 years. The titanic supernova, called Supernova 1987A (SN 1987A), blazed with the power of 100 million suns for several months following its discovery on Feb. 23, 1987. Since that first sighting, SN 1987A has continued to fascinate astronomers with its spectacular light show. Located in the nearby Large Magellanic Cloud, it is the nearest supernova explosion observed in hundreds of years and the best opportunity yet for astronomers to study the phases before, during, and after the death of a star. This Hubble Space Telescope image shows Supernova 1987A within the Large Magellanic Cloud, a neighboring galaxy to our Milky Way. Credits: NASA, ESA, R. Kirshner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation), and M. Mutchler and R. Avila (STScI) #nasa #hst #hubble #nasabeyond #stars #supernova #galaxy #astronomy #science

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13. Южный полюс Юпитера, снятый снизу.


14. Туманность «Тухлое яйцо» (Rotten Egg Nebula), названная так потому, что содержит много серы. К счастью, она находится на расстоянии 5 тысяч световых лет.

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It's known as the Rotten Egg Nebula because it contains a lot of sulphur, an element that, when combined with other elements, smells like a rotten egg - but luckily, it resides over 5,000 light-years away in the constellation of Puppis. This nebular is a spectacular example of the death of a low-mass star like the sun. Spotted by the Hubble Space Telescope, the image shows the star going through a rapid transformation from a red giant to a planetary nebula, during which it blows its outer layers of gas and dust out into the surrounding space. The recently ejected material is spat out in opposite directions with immense speed - the gas shown in yellow is moving close to one million kilometers per hour (621,371 miles per hour). Astronomers rarely capture a star in this phase of its evolution because it occurs within the blink of an eye - in astronomical terms. Over the next thousand years the nebula is expected to evolve into a fully-fledged planetary nebula. Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, Acknowledgement: Judy Schmidt #nasa #hubble #hst #nasabeyond #space #nebula #astronomy #science

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15. Космический телескоп Хаббл снял часть неба в созвездии Стрельца.

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This stunning image, captured by the Hubble Space Telescope, shows part of the sky in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer). The region is rendered in exquisite detail - deep red and bright blue stars are scattered across the frame, set against a background of thousands of more distant stars and galaxies. Two features are particularly striking: the colors of the stars, and the dramatic crosses that burst from the centers of the brightest bodies. While some of the colors in this frame have been enhanced and tweaked during the process of creating the image from the observational data, different stars do indeed glow in different colors. Stars differ in color according to their surface temperature: very hot stars are blue or white, while cooler stars are redder. They may be cooler because they are smaller, or because they are very old and have entered the red giant phase, when an old star expands and cools dramatically as its core collapses. Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA #nasa #esa #space #hubble #hst #sagittarius #nasabeyond #astronomy #science

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16. Излучение от горячих молодых звезд заряжает более прохладный газ в облаке, окружающем их, создавая космическую «зимнюю» страну чудес.

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Cosmic 'Winter' Wonderland: Although there are no seasons in space, this cosmic vista invokes thoughts of a frosty winter landscape. It is, in fact, a region where radiation from hot, young stars is energizing the cooler gas in the cloud that surrounds them. Located in our galaxy about 5,500 light years from Earth, it is actually a "cluster of clusters," containing at least three clusters of young stars, including many hot, massive, luminous stars. There are bubbles, or cavities, that have been created by radiation and material blowing away from the surfaces of massive stars, plus supernova explosions. Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/PSU/L. Townsley et al; Optical: UKIRT; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech @nasachandraxray #nasa #chandra #space #science #nasabeyond #stars #astronomy #science #universe #merrychristmas #christmas

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17. Созвездие Девы, которое является домом для более чем 1300 галактик.

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The constellation of Virgo (The Virgin) is especially rich in galaxies, due in part to the presence of a massive and gravitationally-bound collection of more than 1300 galaxies called the Virgo Cluster. One particular member of this cosmic community is captured in this image, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope. Located some 60 million light-years away, this galaxy is experiencing some of the less desirable effects that come with belonging to such a massive galaxy cluster. It is undergoing a transformation and has taken on a somewhat confused identity. While the galaxy's outskirts appear smooth and featureless, a classic feature of an elliptical galaxy, its center displays remarkable dust lanes constrained within two symmetric spiral arms, which emerge from the galaxy's glowing core - one of the obvious features of a spiral galaxy. Within the arms, speckles of bright blue mark the locations of young stars, indicating that NGC 4388 has hosted recent bursts of star formation. Image credits: ESA/NASA #nasa #space #nasabeyond #hubble #hst #galaxy #astronomy #cosmos #science

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18. Созвездие южного полушария Тукан.
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Take Flight with the Toucan and the Cluster: It may be famous for hosting spectacular sights, but the southern constellation of Tucana (The Toucan) also possesses a variety of unsung cosmic beauties, such as this open star cluster located within the Small Magellanic Cloud just under 200,000 light-years away. Open clusters such as this are collections of stars weakly bound by the shackles of gravity, all of which formed from the same massive molecular cloud of gas and dust. Because of this, all the stars have the same age and composition, but vary in their mass because they formed at different positions within the cloud. Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA #nasa hst #hubble #nasabeyond #astronomy #galaxy #science

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209 points